Airlangga: Penerapan Instrumen Nilai Ekonomi Karbon Dorong Industri Lebih Sadar Lingkungan | 31left

Laporan Wartawan Tribunnews.com, Reynas Abdila

TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Menteri Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian Airlangga Hartarto mengatakan, Indonesia saat ini dalam proses persiapan penerapan instrumen Nilai Ekonomi Karbon (NEK).

Menurutnya, instrumen NEK dapat memberi harga pada emisi karbon yang dihasilkan dari berbagai kegiatan produksi maupun jasa.

“Melalui penerapan instrumen NEK diharapkan dapat mendorong industri lebih sadar lingkungan dan membatasi emisi gas rumah kaca hingga batas tertentu,” kata Airlangga dalam webinar Increasing Fiscal Space in Times of Economic Uncertainty, Rabu (8/6/2022).

Baca juga: Dampak Perang, Harga Pangan dan Energi pada Mei 2022 Masih Tinggi, Airlangga: Inflasi RI Terkendali

Ia menambahkan, di sisi lain, instrumen NEK berperan sebagai instrumen pendanaan alternatif untuk mencapai target perubahan iklim Indonesia.

Hal itu baik Nationally Determined Contribution atau NDC 2030 maupun Net Zero 2060.

Pemerintah menerapkan UU No. 7 tahun 2021 tentang Harmonisasi Peraturan Perpajakan dan Perpres No. 98 tahun 2021 untuk mendukung penerapan instrumen NEK.

“Perpres ini menjadi dasar penerapan berbagai instrumen NEK seperti Emission Trading System atau perdagangan emisi, Offset crediting atau kredit karbon, dan Pembayaran Berbasis Kinerja atau Result Based Payment,” urainya.

Sementara di level teknis, pemerintah tengah menyelesaikan peraturan turunan Perpres tersebut.

Pada 2021, pemerintah merintis skema voluntary cap and trade, dan offset crediting, yang melibatkan beberapa produsen listrik baik milik pemerintah maupun swasta.

Baca juga: Holding BUMN MIND ID Gelar Kompetisi Inovasi Hadapi Tantangan Industri Pertambangan

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